Lines might sound like a basic and boring element of design, but they are incredibly useful tools. This post introduces the ways they can be used in creating interiors, but first a quick description.
A line, at its most basic, connects two points: A and B. It is longer than it is wide. It can be straight, wavy, ragged or curved. It defines an edge, or creates a separation between things. When lines overlap, they create shapes or patterns.
Something you hear designers talk about a lot are the lines of a space or a piece of furniture. Clean is a particularly popular description. This basically means un-fussy. Simple. The opposite would be messy, with lots of visual stimulation. Neither is better or worse, they are just descriptions.
However, the decision to use one type of line or another will make a dramatic difference in how your space feels.
In interior design the lines lead the eye where you want it to go, which affects where you are placing focus in a room as well as how you perceive the room’s height or width.
Basic rules of thumb are that long draperies and strong vertical lines are a good way to add height and dignity. Whereas low furniture and horizontal lines make a space seem larger. Using lines to create shapes can define entryways and add drama, like the arched entry into the adjoining room shown at the top of the post.
The lines you choose in your space will work to define the energy in the room. In the same way that colours evoke different feelings, so do different types of lines:
- smooth lines suggest calm and serenity
- bold or jagged lines suggest energy or action
- horizontal lines suggest rest, stability and are more relaxed and informal
- vertical lines suggest steadiness, strength, simplicity and balance
- diagonal lines imply movement and energy
- curved lines suggest softness and are playful
Which types of lines do you prefer?